Bhim Jayanti / Ambedkar Jayanti – Birth Anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar!
Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti is celebrated every year by the people with great enthusiasm more than like a festival on 14th of April in order to commemorate the birthday of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar and his contributions for the people of India. It would be 125th birthday anniversary celebration in the year 2016 to commemorate his memories. It was a big moment for the people of India when he was born in the year 1891.
The day has been declared as a public holiday all over the India. Like ever before a respectful homage is paid by the President and Prime Minister (including other political parties leaders) of India every year to his statue at the Parliament, New Delhi. Indian people worship him like a God by keeping his statue in their home. At this day people make a parade by keeping his statue in front, they also enjoy dancing using dhol.
Why Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated by the people of India very happily to remember his immense contributions for the poor people of India. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is the father of Indian Constitution who had drafted the Constitution of India. He was the great human rights activists who born on 14th of April in 1891. He had established the “Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha” in the year 1923 in India aiming to spread the necessity of education as well as enhancing the economic status of the low group people of India. He run a social movement for people using slogan “Educate-Agitate-Organize” aiming to eradicate the casteism in India as well as rebuilding the Indian Society by following the rule of equality of human beings.
A march was also led by him in the year 1927 at Mahad, Maharashtra for establishing the equal rights for untouchable people who were not allowed to even touch or taste the water of “Public Chawdar Lake”. He has been marked in the Indian history for starting the social movements like anti-caste, anti-priest movement and temple entry movement. He led the temple entry movement in the year 1930 at Kalaram Temple, Nashik, Maharashtra for real human rights and political justice. He said that political power is not the only way to solve all the problems of depressed class people, they should get equal rights in the society in every field. He was deeply involved in making legal changes in order to protect the low class people rights during his Membership of Viceroy’s Executive Council in 1942.
He paid his major contribution by protecting the Fundamental Rights (for the social freedom, equality and eradication of untouchability for low group people) and Directive Principles (enhancing the living status by securing the fair distribution of wealth) of State Policy in the Indian Constitution. He continued his social revolution till the end of his life through the Buddhism. He has been honored with the Bharat Ratna in the month of April in 1990 for his big contributions towards the Indian society.
How Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated with great passion all over the India including Varanasi, Delhi and other big cities. In Varanasi the event for the birthday anniversary celebration of Dr. Ambedkar is organized by the Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti Samaroh Samiti in Kutchehri areas. They organize variety of events like painting, general knowledge quiz competition, debate, dance, essay writing, symposium, sports competition and drama to which many people participate including students from nearby schools. In order to celebrate this occasion, a big seminar is organized yearly by the Bhartiya Journalists Welfare Association, Lucknow.
Three days long festival (from 15th of April to 17th of April) is held at the Baba Mahashamshan Nath temple at Manikarnika ghat Varanasi where various cultural programs of dance and music are organized. Students from junior high school and primary schools make a prabhat pheri in morning and secondary school students take part in the rally at this day. At many places, free health check up camps are also organized in order to provide free of charge check up and medicines to the poor group people.